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일본 인구의 고령화와 가족
Aging Population and Changing Family in Japan: Its Implications for Elderly Care

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Authors
박영진
Issue Date
1995
Publisher
서울대학교 지역종합연구소
Citation
지역연구, Vol.04 No.2, pp. 53-77
Abstract
This paper examines the case of Japan in the aspects of family support for the elderly, arising out of the aging population and changing family.

In Japanese society rapid demographic aging has been taking place primarily as a result of continuous declines in fertility. In 1994, the rate of population growth had reached 0.29% which is the lowest record and the proportion of elderly persons (aged 65 and over) accounted for 13.9% of total population, and is projected to be the highest in the world in the year 2000. As Japanese population has aged, the family underwent a gradual transformation. Empirical observations confirmed that the nature and functions of families have changed and the decline in the co-residential multi-generational family was also evident.

Rapid aging and changes in family structure in Japanese society have resulted in a higher burden of small family for the elderly support and consequently in a substantial shift in emphasis between social programmes, causing a significant change in the share of social expenditure going to the older age groups. However, Japanese governmental policy assesses the importance of family as a dominant provider of elderly care, and to that end, the government gradually implements policies, such as home based care, designed to maintain or even strengthen the role of the family in care for the elderly.
ISSN
1225-5165
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/46191
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Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원)Dept. of International Studies (국제학과)국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.04 (1995)
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