S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.04 (1995)
전후 일본 신문노동운동의 정착화에 관한 연구
An Analysis of the Normalization of Japan’s Postwar Labor Movement in the Newspaper Industry
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 지역종합연구소
- 지역연구, Vol.04 No.4, pp. 127-158
- This study investigates how Japan’s postwar labor movement in the newspaper sector has been normalized and what factors are to be accounted for this. In the early years of the American Occupation, the newspaper management established its editorial prerogative thanks to the Occupation’s press policy favorable to the management. The absolute position of management’s editorial prerogative, however, has been relatively mitigated vis-a-vis the rise of the labor’s right. I would cal1 this “a balance between the editorial right and the labor right in the prevailing management’s prerogative,” which has marked the normalization of the press labor movement.
In the process of mitigation of the management’s prerogative, the press labor have managed to achieve their right to criticize the newspaper’s editorial policies. Consequently, the newspaper’s editorial content has been placed for the negotiation between the management and the labor. Furthermore, in the case of a limited number of newspapers, the management and the labor has come to share a collaborative decision in the area of editorial and other matters.
In this sense the postwar change in the relationship between the management and the labor was enormous. But it is not to be overemphasized; the mitigation of the management’s absolute prerogative is not tantamount to its relative stronger position vis-a-vis the labor. The majority of the newspapers still maintain the prevailing position editorial prerogative while respecting a range of specified rights for the labor.