S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.05 (1996)
현대 중국에서 국가와 사회의 관계 - 가(家)와 종족(宗族)을 중심으로
Relationship between the State and Society in Contemporary China : A study of family and lineage
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 지역종합연구소
- 지역연구, Vol.05 No.1, pp. 85-116
- Based on observations in several local communities, the present study aims at an understanding of the revival of lineage organizational activities in the context of contemporary economic, political, and cultural changes in China.
Though organizational aspects are varied as they are shaped by the local structure, idea and ideology of kinship and lineage are commonly shared by the Chinese peasants as the bases of their moral system and politico-cultural resources in their dealing with the state authority.
The study reveals that the government policies to establish absolute state authority paralleled with various social and economic development, i.e. production responsibility system, socialist spiritual civilization movement, private welfare system, promotion of local culture, construction of cultural nationalism etc., contributed to the publicization of revival of the folk traditions which have been denounced as anti-revolutionary. Reproduction of kinship and lineage activities is also understood in the context of the competition between the state and society, between the public space and the private tradition, and between the imageries of the national community constructed by the state and people’s own lived experiences.