S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.07 (1998)
일본에서의 혁신자차제, 노조의 기업주의, 그리고 공해반대운동
THE IMPACT OF PROGRESSIVE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND PRO-UNIONISM ON THE ANTI-POLLUTION MOVEMENT IN JAPAN
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제지역원
- 국제지역연구, Vol.07 No.3, pp. 23-46
- This study based on the case of Kitakyushu, where production and corporation-advantaged urbanization have developed for a long term, examines the relationship between the progressive local government and the local antipollution movement of the early 1960"s and 1970", and the effect of labor unions" pro-unionism designated as the characteristic of Japanese management and union relationship on the campaign. The materials analysed are the documentary records and in-depth interview data compiled during a one year field study starting on April 1, 1996. Studied are the formation and direction of the antipollution drive on which the relationship between the movement and the progressive local government is compared with the Japanese general features. Then the influence of unions" pro-unionism stance on the campaign is discussed. Finally some qualities shown in the process of the movement are arranged.
The results of the study are as follow. By and large the antipollution movement played a pivotal role in the formation of the progressive local movement. While Kitakyushu had seen the coalition nomination of the Japan Communist Party, the Japanese Social Democratic Party and the realization of innovative markets of the local labor organizations helped form the progressive local government, before the problem of pollution was socially campaigned against under the government. In Kitakyushu, city of conglomerate-led urbanization and municipal pro-company operation, the progressive local government was important to make the movement against the problem resident-campaigned after long duration by extending the mechanism of political opportunities. In addition, the movement in Kitakyushu was teed off by women. Their movement focused on the installment of facilities and the establishment of regulations against pollution. The movement was not to interfere with business activities. The local workers and organizations did not participate in the early antipollution movement. When this matter was on national debate, they took part. But the movement did not last long because of reorganization of the local labor movement led by private conglomerate labor unions and their division into various sects. The situation reflected the characters of the local workers and organizations and the general features of Kitakyushu"s antipollution movement.