S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.07 (1998)
중국의 농촌 주식합작기업에 관한 연구
A STUDY ON THE CHINESE RURAL SHARE-HOLDING COOPERATIVE ENTERPRISES
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제지역원
- 국제지역연구, Vol.07 No.1, pp. 17-44
- The most important motive power that made the high speed(about 10% a year) growth of Chinese ecomony in the reform era possible was the sudden rise of rural enterprises. While rural enterprises have stronger market adjustment and more prompt management mechanism than state-owned enterprises have, on the other hand they have problems of indistinctness in property right, inseparation between government and enterprises, small scale, funds shortage, and the falling behind in the level of management and technique.
As a try to improve these problems, from the middle of the 1980s rural enterprises have voluntarily changed their enterprise-form into share-holding cooperative enterprises in some Chinese rural community and from the 1990s thanks to government"s encouragement and systematic support, the changing speed has become faster. According to the investigation of 1995, about 3million rural enterprises(15% of the all rural enterprises) were enforcing share-holding cooperative system. It is judged that introducing share-holding cooperative system into rural enterprises is the kernel reform equal to introducing modem company system into urban state-owned enterprises from 1994. In addition, it is expected that with the Chinese Communist Party-15th rally september 1997, share-holding cooperative system is going to be introduced into urban small and medium-sized state-owned enterprises and collective enterprises as well as rural enterprises more widely.
In this paper Ⅰ studied the general figure of rural share-holding cooperative enterprises by arranging and analyzing the various first, second data. Ⅰ presented the significance of this study in chapter Ⅰ and arranged the definition and special feature of share-holding cooperative enterprises in chapter Ⅱ, studying the development background and the reform purpose of rural share-holding cooperative enterprises in chapter Ⅲ and surveying the development process and the present condition in chapter Ⅳ. And Ⅰ looked into the basic form, main model and reform way of rural share-holding cooperative economy in chapter Ⅴ, investigating the stocks-funds formation, structure, and income distribution of rural share-holding cooperative enterprises in chapter Ⅵ. Finally in chapter Ⅶ, Ⅰ presented several main problems to be studied afterwards relating to this subject.