S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.09 (2000)
순위-규모 분포와 중국의 도시화 패턴, 1843-1953
Rank-Size Distribution and China"s Urbanization, 1843~1953
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제지역원
- 국제지역연구, Vol.09 No.3, pp. 75-98
- This paper examines the patterns of China"s urbanization in historical perspective with special attention to the rank-size distribution of urban population. Following G. William Skinner"s pioneering work of the late Ch"ing era, China"s urban growth for the years 1843-1953 is studied. The analysis of rank-size distributions points to three distinct periods regarding China"s urban development. First, 1843-1905 was a period of continuity. No major change is found in the pattern of urbanization ─ the persistence of regional urban systems separated by high transportation costs. Second period, 1905-1938, observed critical changes in China"s urban development. The growth of the largest city and formation of new urban places are some of the prominent features which led to a rise of the national system. New technology of transportation, railroads in particular, was the engine of the integration among cities. Integration toward the national system went further during 1938-53, prompted again by extension of railroads and industrialization under the early Communist rule.