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Activated forkhead transcription factor inhibits neointimal hyperplasia after angioplasty through induction of p27

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Authors
Park, Kyung-Woo; Kim, Dae-Hee; You, Hyun-Jung; Sir, Jung-Ju; Jeon, Soo-In; Youn, Seock-Won; Yang, Han-Mo; Skurk, Carsten; Park, Young-Bae; Walsh, Kenneth; Kim, Hyo-Soo
Issue Date
2005-01-22
Publisher
American Heart Association
Citation
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Apr;25(4):742-7. Epub 2005 Jan 20.
Keywords
Angioplasty, Balloon/*adverse effectsAnimalsAorta, Thoracic/injuries/pathology/physiologyApoptosis/physiologyCell Cycle Proteins/*metabolismCell Survival/physiologyCells, CulturedCyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27DNA-Binding Proteins/*genetics/*metabolismForkhead Transcription FactorsGene ExpressionGene Transfer TechniquesHumansHyperplasiaMaleMuscle, Smooth, Vascular/*injuries/*pathology/physiologyPhosphorylationRatsRats, Sprague-DawleyTranscription Factors/*genetics/*metabolismTumor Suppressor Proteins/*metabolismTunica Intima/pathology
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of FKHRL1 (forkhead transcription factor in rhabdomyosarcoma like-1) overexpression on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, apoptosis, and cell cycle, in vitro, and the role of FKHRL1 and p27 in the pathophysiology of neointimal growth after balloon angioplasty, in vivo. Furthermore, we tested whether FKHRL1 overexpression can inhibit neointimal hyperplasia in a rat carotid artery model. METHODS AND RESULTS: Adenovirus expressing the constitutively active FKHRL1 (FKHRL1-TM; triple mutant) with 3 Akt phosphorylation sites mutated was transfected to subconfluent VSMCs. FKHRL1 overexpression in cultured VSMCs increased p27 expression, leading to G1 phase cell-cycle arrest and increased apoptosis. In vivo, the phosphorylation of FKHRL1 increased significantly 3 hours after balloon injury and decreased thereafter, with the subsequent downregulation of p27. Although the phosphorylation of FKHRL1 was greatest at 3 hours, the downregulation of p27 showed a temporal delay, only slightly starting to decrease after 3 hours and reaching a nadir at 72 hours after balloon injury. Gene transfer of FKHRL1-TM increased p27, decreased proliferation, and increased apoptosis of VSMCs, which resulted in a marked reduction in neointima formation (intima-to-media ratio: 0.31+/-0.13 versus 1.17+/-0.28, for FKHRL1-TM versus Adv-GFP; P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Balloon angioplasty leads to the phosphorylation of FKHRL1 and decreased expression of p27, thereby promoting a proliferative phenotype in VSMCs in vitro and in vivo. This study reveals the importance of FKHRL1 in proliferation and viability of VSMCs and suggests that it may serve as a molecular target for interventions to reduce neointima formation after angioplasty.
ISSN
1524-4636 (Electronic)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=15662024

http://dx.dor.org/10.1161/01.ATV.0000156288.70849.26

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/47068
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Molecular and Genomic Medicine (분자유전체의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_분자유전체의학전공)
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