프로이트 종교심리학과 비교(comparison)의 정신: 승화(sublimation) 및 대양적(大洋的) 느낌(oceanic feeling)개념을 중심으로
Freudian Psychology of Religion and Its Comparative Spirit: The concept of "sublimation" and "oceanic feeling"

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서울대학교 종교학연구회
종교학연구, Vol.27, 2008, pp.87-114
프로이트; 종교 심리학; Freud, psychology of religion; sublimation; oceanic feeling; Libido, eros
The history of psychology of religion is closely connected with
the advent of the modern discipline of psychology. In this paper,
I focus on Freudian psychology of religion, which I would like to
argue, is based on the spirit of comparison. Generally speaking,
Freud's understanding of religion is regarded as psychological
reductionism. which means that for Freud religion is no other
than a collective representat ion of individual Oedipus complex
and a necessary illusion for civilization. However. I claim that
there are two concepts - as sublimation and oceanic feeling that
we should pay more attention to. if we want to have a
more complete grasp of psychoanalytic interpretation of religion.
I also believe that these two concepts contain the spirit of
comparison within them.

Freud maintains that the concept of sublimation is derived
from Plato along with Eros. which is translated into 'libido' in
Freudian terms. However, Freud does not accept the Platonic
idea that human Eros can be sublimated into the divine
dimension. In addition, Freud introduces the concept of "oceanic
feeling" through a dialogue with a French novelist Romain
Roland. who won a Nobel Prize in literature. The adoption of
oceanic feeling implies that Freud was already aware of a
different sort of human religiosity in addition to his reductive
definition of religion. Unfortunately, the concept has not been
developed more fully. In short, Freud's psychoanalytic
interpretation of religion cannot be properly understood without
considering the two concepts which reveal a hidden dimension.
In fact, later scholars developed the dimension into a more
positive evaluation of human religiosity. Put simply, the two
concepts which show the Freudian spirit of comparison are
worthy of more serious scholarly attention.
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Religious Studies (종교학과)종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 종교학연구(Journal of Religious Studies) 27집(2008)
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