S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
Control of droplet size of polymer-diluent blends through thermally induced phase separation
- Kim, W. K.; Char, K.; Kim, C. K.
- Issue Date
- John Wiley & Sons
- J. Polym. Sci. Pt. B-Polym. Phys. 2000, 38, 3042
- thermally induced phase separation; coarsening process; droplet size; nylon(s); PEG diluent(s)
- The effects of process conditions and molecular structure of polymer and diluent on the droplet size of membranes formed by thermally induced phase separatiom (TIPS) process were examined. The observed upper critical solution temperature-type phase boundaries of nylon-12 blended with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and nylon 12 diluted with poly(ethylene glycol) dimethyl ether (PEGDE) and their interaction energy densities calculated using the Flory-Huggins theory suggest that the nylon-12/PEGDE blends are less stable than the nylon-12-PEG blends. Infrared spectra confirmed that the difference in phase stability might come from specific interactions of the hydroxyl terminal groups of PEG with the amide groups from nylon-12, which are not be feasible in the nylon-12-PEGDE blends. The phase stability of diluent PEG blended with various nylons that are different in the number of methyl groups in the repeat unit was ranked in the order of: nylon-6-PEG blend < nylon-12-PEG blend < nylon-11-PEG blend. We also noted that the phase-separated droplets grew by both coalescence and the Oswald ripening process after the onset of phase separation. As a result, the cubic exponent of average droplet radius (R3) plotted against time satisfied the linear relationship. As the blends became less stable, the droplet growth rate increased and larger equilibrium droplets formed at a constant quenching depth. The TIPS membranes with desired pore structure could be prepared by controlling the molecular structure of components as well as by varying processing conditions such as quenching depth and annealing time.
- 0887-6266 (print)
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