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Complex capacitance analysis on rate capability of electric-double layer capacitor (EDLC) electrodes of different thickness

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Authors
Yoon, Songhun; Jang, Jong H.; Ka, Bok H.; Oh, Seung M.
Issue Date
2004-11-16
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Electrochim. Acta 50 (2005) 2255
Keywords
Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLC)Impedance analysisComplex capacitance analysisPorous carbonTransmission line model
Abstract
The complex capacitance analysis is utilized to examine the thickness-dependent rate capability of electric double-layer capacitor (EDLC) electrodes. Based on the transmission line model, the theoretical imaginary capacitance is derived for porous carbon electrodes, where the resistance relevant to ion transport in pores of carbon particles (intra-particle pores) and within electrode layer (inter-particle pores) is assumed to be the major component for equivalent series resistance (ESR). The use of hexagonal mesoporous carbon (HMC) as the EDLC electrode material, which has a well-defined pore structure, allows us to estimate the number of intra-particle pores in the composite electrodes such that the two resistance components are separately analyzed as a function of electrode thickness. As the theoretical derivation suggests, the time constant for intra-particle pores is invariant against the electrode thickness, whereas the time constant for inter-particle pores becomes larger for thicker electrodes. The poorer rate capability observed in the thicker electrodes is thus ascribed to a larger time constant for inter-particle pores.
ISSN
0013-4686
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/5813
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2004.10.009
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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