Improvement of silicon powder negative electrodes by copper electroless deposition for lithium secondary batteries

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Kim, Jae Woo; Ryu, Ji Heon; Lee, Kyu T.; Oh, Seung M.
Issue Date
J. Power Sources 147 (2005) 227
Lithium secondary batterySilicon powder anodeCopper electroless depositionAnnealingGalvanostatic intermittent titrationCycle performance
In order to enhance the electrical conductivity of Si powder, which shows a poor cycleabilty as the anode in lithium secondary batteries due to low electrical conductivity and a severe volume change on cycling, Cu is deposited on the Si surface by a electroless deposition method. As Cu deposition on bare Si powder is found to be unsatisfactory, Si powder is etched to roughen the surface, on to which a large amount of Cu deposit with a uniform coverage is obtained. The resulting anode material exhibits improved cycle performance as a result of conductivity enhancement. The long-term cycleability is, however, still unsatisfactory due to detachment of Cu from the Si surface that is caused by a severe volume change of the Si particles on cycling. The detachment of Cu is greatly suppressed by annealing at 400 °C in an inert atmosphere and, thereby, delivers better cycle performance. The improvement in interfacial stability exhibited by the annealed samples is ascribed to the formation of a Cu3Si alloy phase at the interface and diffusion of Cu atoms into the Si particles.
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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