S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
Improvement of silicon powder negative electrodes by copper electroless deposition for lithium secondary batteries
- Kim, Jae Woo; Ryu, Ji Heon; Lee, Kyu T.; Oh, Seung M.
- Issue Date
- J. Power Sources 147 (2005) 227
- Lithium secondary battery; Silicon powder anode; Copper electroless deposition; Annealing; Galvanostatic intermittent titration; Cycle performance
- In order to enhance the electrical conductivity of Si powder, which shows a poor cycleabilty as the anode in lithium secondary batteries due to low electrical conductivity and a severe volume change on cycling, Cu is deposited on the Si surface by a electroless deposition method. As Cu deposition on bare Si powder is found to be unsatisfactory, Si powder is etched to roughen the surface, on to which a large amount of Cu deposit with a uniform coverage is obtained. The resulting anode material exhibits improved cycle performance as a result of conductivity enhancement. The long-term cycleability is, however, still unsatisfactory due to detachment of Cu from the Si surface that is caused by a severe volume change of the Si particles on cycling. The detachment of Cu is greatly suppressed by annealing at 400 °C in an inert atmosphere and, thereby, delivers better cycle performance. The improvement in interfacial stability exhibited by the annealed samples is ascribed to the formation of a Cu3Si alloy phase at the interface and diffusion of Cu atoms into the Si particles.
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