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Preparation of core-shell Si/NiSi2/carbon composite and its application to lithium secondary batteries

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Authors
Kim, Taeahn; Park, Sangjin; Oh, Seung M.
Issue Date
2006-08-02
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Electrochem. Commun. 8 (2006) 1461
Keywords
Lithium secondary batteriesNickel silicide (NiSi2)Carbon coatingMetal phthalocyanineAnode material
Abstract
A core-shell-typed active (Si)/inactive (NiSi2)/carbon composite was prepared by heat-treatment on a mixture of Si powder and nickel phthalocyanine. Uniform reaction for the inactive phase formation and carbon coating was possible since nickel phthalocyanine is sublimed on Si surface, which is further decomposed to generate metallic nickel that diffuses into Si matrix to produce a core-shell Si/NiSi2 composite. The phthalocyanine moiety is converted to carbon so as to cover the Si/NiSi2 composite particles. An improved cycle performance was observed with the Si/NiSi2/carbon composite electrodes. This favorable feature is indebted to a retardation of crystalline Li15Si4 phase formation, which is possible by the presence of inactive (NiSi2) shell layer that likely blocks Li+ diffusion into Si matrix. The rate capability for alloying/de-alloying reaction of Si core, however, becomes poorer due to the blocking action of the inactive phase.
ISSN
1388-2481
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/5831
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2006.06.020
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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