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Capsaicin modulates K+ currents from dissociated rat taste receptor cells.

Cited 18 time in Web of Science Cited 22 time in Scopus
Authors
Park, Kyungpyo; Brown, Peter D.; Kim, Yoon Bae; Kim, Joong-Soo
Issue Date
2003
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Brain Research 962 (2003) 135–143
Keywords
Taste receptor cellK currentCircumvallate papillaCapsaicin
Abstract
Chili pepper is one of most widely used spices. The main active component of chili pepper is the capsaicin. The effects of capsaicin on
sensory nerve endings are well known; however, little is known regarding the direct effect of capsaicin on taste receptor cells (TRCs). In
1 this study, patch clamp methods were used to study the effects of capsaicin on the K currents in TRCs isolated from the rat
21 circumvallate papilla. Fura-2 microspectrofluorimetry was also used to determine the effects of capsaicin on the intracellular Ca
21 1 concentration ([Ca ] ). In the resting state, whole-cell experiments identified outward-rectifying K currents, which were inhibited by 5 i
1 1 mM tetraethylammonium (TEA ) chloride.Voltage-dependent K channels with a conductance of 5564 pS (mean6S.E.M.; n53), were
1 observed in cell-attached patches. Capsaicin (500 nM) completely inhibited the outward-rectifying K current in the whole-cell
1 recordings. In cell-attached patches 500 nM capsaicin significantly reduced the open probability (P ) of the K channels from o
0.40160.052 (n53) in the resting state, to 0.01860.002 (n53, P,0.05 by unpaired t-test). In the fura-2-loaded TRCs, micromolar
21 concentrations of capsaicin increased [Ca ] in a dose-dependent manner, e.g., 100 mM capsaicin consistently increased the 340:380 i
fluorescence ratio from 1.0460.05 in the resting state to 1.4060.05 (n528). These results suggest that capsaicin can enhance or modify
1 the gustatory sensation by inhibiting the K currents of the TRCs directly.
ISSN
0006-8993
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/58456
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-8993(02)03984-7
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Researcher Institutes (연구소)College of Natural Sciences (자연과학대학)Center for Theoretical Physics(이론물리학연구소)
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