Structural changes of polyaniline/montmorillonite nanocomposites and their effects on physical properties

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Lee, Dongkyu; Char, Kookheon; Lee, Sang Wook; Park, Yung Woo
Issue Date
Royal Society of Chemistry
J. Mater. Chem., 2003, 13, 2942
Polyaniline/montmorillonite (MMT) nanocomposites containing different PANI contents were prepared by the intercalation of aniline monomer into pristine MMT followed by the subsequent oxidative polymerization of the aniline in the interlayer spacings. The polyaniline/MMT nanocomposite structure intercalated with polyaniline (PANI) was examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). From the full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of the (001) reflection peaks in the XRD patterns, the PANI/MMT nanocomposite containing 12.3 wt% PANI (PMN12) was found to be in the most disordered state. The physical interaction between the intercalated PANI and the basal surfaces of MMT was monitored by FT-IR. The room-temperature conductivity (RT) varied from 9.1 × 10–9 to 1.5 × 100 S cm–1 depending on the PANI content in the nanocomposites. The temperature dependence of dc conductivity (dc(T)) of all the samples follows the quasi-1D variable range hopping (quasi-1D VRH) model (i.e., dc(T) exp [–(T0/T)1/2]). The charge transport behavior of this system was interpreted from the slopes (T0) of the dc curves and the highest T0 value was found for the PANI/MMT nanocomposite with 12.3 wt% PANI (PMN12). The FT-IR, dc(T) and RT results for the nanocomposites with varying content of PANI are consistently related to the structure of the PANI/MMT nanocomposites discussed in the XRD analysis. The structural argument was further supported by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of all the samples. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed improved thermal stability for the intercalated nanocomposites in comparison with the pure PANI and a simple PANI/MMT mixture.
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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