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Nano-structured Carbon Support for PtC Anode Catalyst in Direct Methanol Fuel Cell

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Authors
Choi, Jae-Sik; Kwon, Heock-Hoi; Chung, Won-Seob; Lee, Ho-In
Issue Date
2005
Publisher
The Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
Citation
Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute 12 (2005) 117-121
Keywords
Direct methanol fuel cellPlatinumCarbonMethanol electro-oxidation
Abstract
Platinum catalysts for the DMFC(Direct Methanol Fuel Cell) were impregnated on several carbon supports and their catalytic activities were evaluated with cyclic voltammograms of methanol electro-oxidation. To increase the activities of the Pt/C catalyst, carbon supports with high electric conductivity such as mesoporous carbon, carbon nanofiber, and carbon nanotube were employed. The Pt/e-CNF(etched carbon nanofiber) catalyst showed higher maximum current density of 70 mAcm-2 and lower on-set voltage of 0.54 V vs. NHE than the Pt/Vulcan XC-72 in methanol oxidation. Although the carbon namaed by CNT(carbon nanotube) series turned out to have larger BET surface area than the carbon named by CNF(carbon nanofiber) series, the Pt catalyst supported on the CNT series were less active than those on the CNF series due to their lower electric conductivity and lower availability of pores for Pt loading. Considering that the BET surface area and electric conductivity of the e-CNF were similar to those of the Vulcan XC-72, smaller Pt particle size of the Pt/e-CNF catalyst and stronger metal-support interaction were believed to be the main reason for its higher catalytic activity.
ISSN
1225-7591
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/61318
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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