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Prevalence, correlates, and comorbidity of 12-Month tobacco dependence among ever-smokers in South Korea, during 1984-2001

Cited 3 time in Web of Science Cited 4 time in Scopus
Authors
Jeon, Hong Jin; Hahm, Bong-Jin; Lee, Hae-Woo; Hong, Jin Pyo; Bae, Jae-Nam; Park, Jong Ik; Kim, Jang-Kyu; Bae, Ahn; Park, Jong Han; Chung, Eun-Kee; Shin, Jong-Ho; Choi, Yong-Seoung; Chung, In-Won; Lee, Hyo Jung; Cho, Maeng Je
Issue Date
2008-04-26
Publisher
Korean Academy of Medical Sciences
Citation
J Korean Med Sci. 2008; 23: 207-12
Keywords
Alcoholism/complicationsComorbidityFemaleHealth SurveysHumansKoreaPrevalenceRisk FactorsSex Factors*SmokingTobacco Use Disorder/complications/*diagnosis/*epidemiology
Abstract
The rate of dependence among ever-users of a drug indicates the risk of developing dependence once an individual has been exposed to the drug. This is the first study to investigate 12-month tobacco dependence (TD) among ever-smokers in a community-based population. Analyses were based on two national studies of representative samples aged 18-64 in 1984 (n=5,025) and in 2001 (n=6,275), conducted with household visits and face-to-face interviews. The rates of 12-month TD among ever-smokers in men showed no significant difference between 51.6% in 1984 and 50.6% in 2001. On the contrary, the rates in women significantly increased from 33.3% in 1984 to 52.8% in 2001. After adjusting for the sociodemographic variables, 'male gender' was significantly associated with 12-month TD among eversmokers in 1984, but not in 2001. 'Unmarried' was significantly associated in 2001 but not in 1984. 'Alcohol dependence' was the only psychiatric disorder associated with 12-month TD in both study years. In conclusion, 12-month TD was found in about 50% of ever-smokers, and gender differences between the rates of 12-month TD which was observed in 1984 disappeared in 2001. Individuals with 12-month TD showed higher comorbidity with alcohol dependence than ever-smokers without TD.
ISSN
1011-8934 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/61977
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2008.23.2.207
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Psychiatry (정신과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
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