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Mechanical properties,phase stability and biocompatibility of (Y,Nb)-TZP/Al2O3 composite abutments for dental implant.

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Authors
Han, Jung-Suk; Kim, Dae-Joon; Lee, Myung-Hyun; Lee, Deuk Yong
Issue Date
2000-07
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research 2000;53:438-443
Keywords
dental abutmentdental implantzirconia/alumina compositemechanical propertiesbiocompatibility
Abstract
ZrO2/Al2O3 composites were prepared by mixing a tetragonal ZrO2, stabilized by 5.31 mol% Y2O3 and 4.45 mol% Nb2O5, and various amounts of Al2O3. Influence of the amount of Al2O3 on strength and toughness and tetragonal phase stability in the composites under autoclave conditions was investigated. In addition, in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of the composites was examined. The composite, prepared with addition of 20 vol% Al2O3, exhibited the highest strength of 700 MPa and toughness of 8.1 MPa · m1/2 and showed no hydrothermal degradation while aging in an autoclave. The biocompatibility of the composite exhibited no cytotoxicity and no significant adverse soft-tissue response for up to 3 months implant period in guinea pigs. © 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res (Appl Biomater) 53: 438-443, 2000
ISSN
1552-4973
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/62729
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4636(2000)53:4<438::AID-JBM19>3.0.CO;2-3
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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