S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Dept. of Medicine (의학과) The Seoul Journal of Medicine The Seoul Journal of Medicine Vol. 03 No.4 (1962)
우리나라 농촌지역의 영아사망에 관한연구
A Study on Infant Deaths in Korean Rural Area
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 의과대학
- Seoul J Med 1962;3(4):41-51
- The study on the infant deaths in Korean rural
area was carried out during the three months from
November 1959 to January 1960 for the purpose of
grasping the reliable picture of the infant mortality
as well as the various factors influencing the mortality.
Ninety-one trained and qualified persons visited
13,643 households involving 85,017 individuals, and
open-ended questionaire form and dichotomous questionaire
form were applied on the items of infant
deaths by province, sex, months of age, of year, family
size, educational levels of parents, farming scale,
birth order, maternal age at birth, leading causes of
deaths, and antemortem medical cares during the period
of September 1954 through August 1959. As the
results of this study following conclusions were obtained.
1. Weighted average infant mortality rate as a
whole was 82.9 per 1, 000 live births. In comparing
the rate in each province the lowest rate was observed
in Gyeonggi-do with 71.5 per .1, 000 live births,
while the highest was observed in Ieju-do with 93.O.
In general higher infant mortality rates were shown
in Gangweon-do,[eonla-bug-do,jeonla-nam-do, Gyeongsang-
bug-do, Gyeongsang-nam-do and [eju-do than in
the rest provinces.
2. Sex difference in infant mortality rates was recognized;
85.7 in male and 79. 7 in female, indicating
that the rate in male was higher than that in female.
3. The tendency was observed that the younger
the months of age, the higher the mortality rate,
particularly 43.1% of whole infant deaths were occured
within 28 days after the births.
4. As to the seasonal changes in infant mortality,
lower infant mortality rate was observed in summer
season than in cool and cold seasons. 5. Although no remarkable increasing tendency
was observed as family size was increasing, infant
mortality rate was rather higher in smaller sized fa.
6. Mother's educational level seemed to offer more
significant influences on reducing the infant mortality
rate, rather than the father's.
7. It was found that the smaller the faming scale,
the higher the infant mortality rate with few exceptions.
8. It was found that infant mortality rate was relatively
higher in the first born infant and the second
born had the best survival chances. Also it was
observed that the infant mortality rates were getting
higher as the number of birth order was increasing.
9. The lowest infant mortality rate was observed
in infants whose mother's ages were 25-29 at deliveries.
10 The most frequent cause of infant deaths was
convulsion and the second gastroententis, the third
pneumonia and bronchitis, measles, nutritional disturbance,
whooping cough, accident, meningitis and so
on were following in sequence.
11. It was observed that 44.2% out of whole infants
who were dead had never received any kind of
medical cares before deaths. The rest of them had
been medicated or treated as follows; 21.6% at hospitals,
15.3% with drugs, 12. 1% by herb doctors, 4.
9% with plant drugs and 1.9% superstitious methods.