Browse

A study of neuropsychological deficit in children with obsessive-compulsive disorder

Cited 49 time in Web of Science Cited 50 time in Scopus
Authors
Shin, Min-Sup; Choi, Hyunjung; Kim, Hana; Hwang, Jun-Won; Kim, Boong-Nyun; Cho, Soo-Churl
Issue Date
2008-06-03
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Eur Psychiatry. 2008 ;23(7):512-20.
Keywords
AdolescentAdultAttention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/diagnosis/epidemiologyChildCognition Disorders/diagnosis/*epidemiologyComorbidityDepressive Disorder/diagnosis/epidemiologyFemaleHumansMaleObsessive-Compulsive Disorder/*epidemiologyPrevalenceSeverity of Illness IndexTic Disorders/diagnosis/epidemiologyWechsler Scales
Abstract
This study was conducted to examine the neuropsychological deficits in children with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Furthermore, the focus of present study was to explore whether OCD children show the same executive dysfunction as adult OCD patients. The participants consisted of 106 children between the ages of 6 and 16 years who visited the department of child-adolescent psychiatry, Seoul National University Children's Hospital (17 OCD, 25 ADHD, 21 tic disorder, 20 depressive disorder, and 23 healthy children). The OCD children showed higher verbal ability compared to other psychiatric groups, but performed the worst on WISC-R subtests assessing perceptual organization ability under time pressure. The OCD children did not show any significant deficits in verbal intellectual function, memory, attention and concentration abilities. However, similar to the ADHD children, the OCD children had significantly more errors and completed fewer categories on the WCST compared to the healthy group. Through neuropsychological tests, the OCD children showed cognitive strength and weakness similar to those of OCD adults that were reported in previous research. Specifically, they had executive function deficits in mental set shifting, supporting the frontal-striatal dysfunction hypothesis of OCD in children as well as in adults.
ISSN
0924-9338 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=18514491

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/63541
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2008.03.010
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Psychiatry (정신과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse