간호전문학교 교육과정 분석
An Analytical Study on Curricula of Junior Colleges of Nursing in Korea

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서울대학교 의과대학
Seoul J Med 1977;18(2):137-144
The purpose of this study was to analyze the curricula
and the present status of teaching faculties of
31 junior colleges of nursing among total 36 school
in Korea. The data were collected through face-to
face interviews of teaching faculties and review of
school bulletins they provided, for the period of 4
months from December, 1976 to March, 1977.
Final conclusions and suggestions drawn from this
study are as follows:
More than half of the junior nursing colleges have
no written school philosophies or objectives, or very
vague ones, if they have. Only one school mentions
its objectives very clearly on human being, service,
health, nursing etc.
Educational objectives of junior college of Korea
for the purpose of educating students toward middle
class of technical people should be changed to the
objectives of beginning technical ones.
Values of technical occupation should be recognized by the society as soon as possible and should be
educated from the early period of life. Nursing leaders
including nursing educators should also accept that
diploma program of Korea is technical in character
and should systematize the whole nursing field in
order to prevent further confusion and chaos.
Elective courses of liberal arts and sciences are
selected by schools themselves rather than by stndents.
Therefore students have to take all of the courses
offered by their schools. This type of problem will be,
to some extent, solved in the junior colleges working
in conjunction with universities by the utilization of
the professors in the university.
Laboratory works of supportive sciences are not so
active in many schools. The main reasons are lack of
budget, prepared faculties, and facilities. Educational
courses required for the preparation of school nurse
should be curtailed because the main functions and
responsibilities of school nurse are not class-room
lectures but health maintenance and health education
of the students. Twenty four schools offer the educational
courses and remained 6 schools do not.
The number of hours required for compulsory subjects
of nursing are very different depending upon
schools. Many schools require the students to have
practice during the evening, night and even in the
vacation. Since there arc no instructors during these
periods, they should consider this problem seriously.
The junior college adopts the unit system which
is different from the credit system. Since the
transformation of academic record taken in the junior
college to the university credits in case of transference
is very complicated, it can be suggested that the
junior college should rather utilize the credit system.
The number of faculty members at the present time
is only 59% of the planned number. The main reasons
of this shortage are lack of shool budget, qualified
teachers and strong intention to recruit the qualified
people. This shortage produces lack of clinical instruction
which results in low quality of care. We
should plan to overcome the quality and quantity of
faculties on the long-term basis and should in the
mean time let the head nurses and supervisors be
participated in the teaching as part-time instructors in the clinical areas.
Any school which has been prepared in the quantity
and quality of faculties and in which physical facilities
of laboratory and library arc available may start
experimental study of 2 year junior collcjo program.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)The Seoul Journal of MedicineThe Seoul Journal of Medicine Vol. 18 No.2 (1977)
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