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Cytotoxicity of Bupivacaine in Odontoblasts

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Authors
Kim, Hyun-Jeong
Issue Date
2007
Publisher
Korean Acadamy of Oral Biology
Citation
International journal of oral biology 32(2): 45-49
Keywords
apoptosisbupivacainecytotoxicitylocal anestheticsodontoblastpulp
Abstract
In this study, the cytotoxicity of commonly used local anesthetics was evaluated on odontoblasts which are essential for pulpal homeostasis in vitro. Local anesthetics, such as articaine, bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, lidocaine, mepivacaine, prilocaine, and procaine, were tested on the odontoblast cell line, MDPC-23. The concentration-and time-dependent cytotoxic effects of local anesthetics on odontoblasts were measured by MTT assay. Among local anesthetics treated for 18 h, only bupivacaine significantly showed cell death in a concentration-($LC_{50}=1.2mM$) and time-dependent manner. To confirm cell death induced by bupivacaine, the observation of cell morphology and FACS using Annexin V and propidium iodide (PI) staining were performed. As a result of Annexin V and PI staining, as well as the morphological change, only bupivacaine induced apoptotic cell death on odontoblasts when compared with levobupivacaine and lidocaine. These results suggest that bupivacaine might affect normal pulpal integrity even after uneventful local anesthesia.
ISSN
1226-7155
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/66626
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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