S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.30 (2002)
1910년대 일제의 보건의료 정책 - 한의학 정책을 중심으로 -
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.30, pp. 333-370
- I analyze the formation of Japanese colonial policy of Korean traditional medicine in the early period of Japanese occupation of Korea. In order to understand the colonial policy I describe to the policy of the "Great Han Empire" before occupation.
There was no license system to exam the quality of the traditional doctors in Choson society until 1900. Those who wanted to become doctors were able to practice without any problems. The Choson government and its successor the Great Han Empire government needed to reform the medical system. With the introduction of western scientific medicine and medical institutions, the regulation of the traditional practitioners was one of the crucial tasks of the government. First the reform government created just after the '1894 reformation' abolished the old medical education institution. jeon-ui-kam (典醫監), which had taken charge of official medical education from the 15th century. The Great Han Empire established in 1897 made more drastic reforms in the modernization of traditional medicine. The Empire government promulgated two regulations of issuing licenses for the traditional medical doctors and supervising the quality of herbal drugs in 1900. According to the regulation for the license of the medical doctors, the traditional doctors were as qualified as western medical doctors. Only those ones who graduated from medical colleges or passed state examinations were able to be doctors.