S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.30 (2002)
고려전기 國政의 결정과 회의
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.30, pp. 169-206
- This study dealts with the decision of state affairs and conference in the early Koryo period. It was the king the most important thing in the carrying-out of the state affairs. Without the king, it was impossible to carry out of the state affairs. But he couldn't decide all thing on his own authority. Usually he referred to conference with ministers. Jaesang(宰相) was the men who took counsel with the king lawfully. They examined the king's order in the Jeongsadang (政事堂) and discussed with king's inquiry and conferred with state affairs without king's inquiry. Sometimes they discussed state affairs with king. Chumil(樞密") couldn't confer with state affairs by themselves. They should come together with Jaesang in order to confer with state affairs. There were a example in the 11th century, but many in the 12th century. They discussed on urgent state affairs with king's inquiry. Bosin(輔臣)-conference was consist of 14-17 ministers and conferred with state affairs in the commission of king. The conference with Sikmokdogamsa(式目都監使) was consist of about 15 ministers and discussed state affairs with the king's inquiry after the proposal of Sikmokdogam. Gunsin(群臣) -conference was consist of Jaechu(宰樞), literary and military officer above the third class, Sangchamgwan(常參官). They discussed with king's inquiry and in the commission of king. These conferences could know a little more in the system of the state affairs carrying-out. The carrying-out of state affairs was consist of ministers' proposal, king's decision, ministers' execution. Jaesang took counsel with the king lawfully. Jaesang, Jaechu, Bosin, Ministers with Sikmokdogamsa, Gunsin conferred with the state affairs with king's inquiry. This system reflected on ministers' interest that state affairs were determined on the agreement of king and mininsters.