S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.31 (2003)
일제강점 초기 상업기구의 식민지적 재편 과정 - 1910년대 상업회의소와 조선인 자본가 -
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.31, pp. 257-288
- This thesis studies reformation commerce organization in early period of Japan's colony. And this thesis also studies commerce conference, which worked in chief cities, membership, disorganization, the role of commerce conference after unity. When the unification of commerce conference proceed was Japan's continent policy after the world war I. So reformation and unification of Chosun and Japan commerce conference was connected with the colony authorities's interests. The Chosun governor, Terauchi Masadake, was related to disorganization process. "The Order of Chosun commerce conference" was proclaimed in July, 1915. It assisted "The Order of Company" in December. 1910. But the Chosun was excepted from the order and establish process of commerce conference, Japanese capitalist leaded it. In role of unification of commerce conference, it roled road of Japan capital. And it increased the colony people's troubles and separations. So general people and small merchant disliked the activity and role of commerce conference. The regional commerce conference and Japan colony authorities thought that the Chosun peoples anti-Japan movement made the economy depression. But Japan's capitalism was damaged after world war I, 1918. Because the Japan colony authorities discriminatingly financial policy, the Chosun small merchant, which excepted from commerce conference, was took racial distinction. The commerce conference, which represented the Chosun and Japan merchant, placed Japan merchant and a few Chosun capitalist under the protection. So small Chosun merchant was defeated in 'commerce war'. The commerce conference assisted the advance of Japan and Japan capitalism, and it made new city, it developed new city. But these development and wealth made the Chosun poor. The unity of commerce conference, which Japan colony authorities and Japanese commerce conference leaded, was beneficial to Japan, Japanese capitalism, and a few Chosun capitalist. So it changed to sub-practice structure of colony economy policy. The Chosun capitalist didn't know the essence of colony economic policy. So it losed resistant self-ability, or assisted Japan colony authorities. As a result, they, which was condoled to ruling policy of Japan Imperialism, failed to devoted colonial capitalist.
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