S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.31 (2003)
평북방언에서의 'ㅈ, ㅅ'의 음변화
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.31, pp. 23-47
- The principal purpose of this study is to examine the diachronical sound changes of ‘ㅈ, ㅅ’ in Pyeongbuk dialed(originally Pyeongbuk Yongcheon dialect). Aditonally we can see how these sound changes are related to so-called "Palatalization", and how ‘ㅈ’ and ‘ㅅ’ are organized into consonantal system.
It is certained that ‘ㅈ, ㅅ’ in Pyeongbuk dialect have experienced the same sound change. It can be refered to as "Dorsalization of laminate". that is, [ʦ] is changed into [ʧ], [s] into [ʃ]. Schematically five stages of sound changes, taking an instance of are as follows. Here [ʦ. s] are
What is called "Palatalization" is defined as sound change that consonantal allophones are, because of phonetic similarity, reinterpreted as dorsals. So I would like to propose that "Dorsalization" should be substituted for "Palatalization". And "Dorsalization" in Pyeongbuk dialect did not occur because ‘ㄷ’ did not have dorso-palatal allophone(“ㄷPalatalization”), and because there is little possobility of allophones of ‘ㅅ’ and ‘ㅎ’ falling into confusion(“ㅎ Palatalization"). Finally phonological process in Pyeongbuk dialect demonstrate that ‘ㅈ, ㅅ, ㄷ’ sounds are organized into natural class, and these sounds are sub-classfied into ‘ㅈ, ㅅ’ and ‘ㄷ’.