S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.32 (2003)
近代國語學의 形成에 관련된 國語觀 -大韓帝國 時期를 중심으로-
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.32, pp. 1-29
- This study aims to elucidate the concept of ‘Guk-eo(國語, National Language)', especially the view of ‘Guk-eo' related to the establishment of Modern Korean linguistics in the period of Daehan Jeguk(The Great Han Empire). In the period of Chosun Dynasty, especially in Hunmin Jeongeum(訓民正音, Correct Sounds to Teach the Peopel), ‘Guk-eo' meant the prescriptive language of the nation, Chosun, excluding either child language or dialects. Such prescriptiveness was based on the notion of Jeongeum(正音, correctsounds). After eighteen-nineties, the concept of ‘Guk-eo' changed into implying the language of a country, that is, a national language, mainly grounded on nationalism and the idea of patriotic enlightenment, even though it was still prescriptive. The notion of ‘Guk-mun(國文, National Writings)’ was in parellel with it. ‘Guk-eo․Guk-mun' in this period, closely related to a nation or an ethnos(a race), emphasized identity and independency in agreement to the spirit of sovereign independence of the government. The supporting view of national language, especially Ju Sigyeong's view was that Korea, Korean people, and Korean language were regarded as a single bundle, since a nation, a race, and a society was rooted from an identical concept in his view, which represented a regional community, a blood community, and a speech community, respectively. He conducted research on Korean language, based on the view that Guk-eo, as Guk-seong(國性, nationality), was a decisive factor in the rise and fall of a nation.