S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.37 (2006)
한국의 ‘두뇌유출’ 변화와 한국과학기술연구소(KIST)의 역할
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.37, pp. 229-261
- KIST(Korea Institute of Science and Technology) was created to take a role of a ‘reverse brain-drain center" in 1966. After the establishment of KIST, the Korea"s brain-drain stood out as serious social issue. KIST made an effort to repatriate overseas Korean scientists, and its effort was an important test to overcome brain-drain in Korea. Consequently, KIST"s successful repatriation became the starting point for the return of overseas Korean scientists. This success of KIST encouraged the Korean government to shift the negative policies restraining on studying abroad to positive policies repatriating overseas brains. In the 1970"s, Korean government began to establish a series of the government supported research institutes (GSRIs) modeled after KIST, and this policy promoted reverse-brain-drain in Korea.