S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.42 (2008)
17세기 지방 儒生들의 士林儒罰
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.42, pp. 3-35
- ‘Sarim Yubeol’ was a punishment practiced based upon the consensus formed by members of the Sarim community. It became a more generalized practice during King Seonjo’s reign. There were various types of such punishment, like Hwaega Chulhyang/毁家黜鄕, Sondo/損徒, Sakjeok/削迹, Habgun Jeonggeo/合郡停擧 etc. Among these types, Sondo and Sakjeok were the most usually exacted ones. They were exacted in large-scale gatherings such as Sohwae/疏會 or Yuhwae/儒會, or by individual Hyanggyo schools or Seoweon facilities. In fact, the process always involved Hyanggyo and Seoweon.
The effectiveness of the Sarim Yubeol can be described in two ways, expulsion and removal from the Sarim community, and ‘Jeonggeo/停擧’, which was in reality the more powerful act of punishment, and later became the major cause of speeding up the dissolution of the punishment(‘解罰’).
Sarim Yubeol was exacted upon a variety of actions, such as evading service at the Yuso/儒疏 occasion and etc. But in the end, such punishments were always based upon the cause of preserving and protecting Confucianism and the schools.