S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
A-kinase anchoring protein 12 regulates the completion of cytokinesis
- Choi, Moon-Chang; Lee, Yang-Ui; Kim, Sung-Hak; Park, Jung-Hyun; Kim, Hyun-Ah; Oh, Do-Youn; Im, Seock-Ah; Kim, Tae-You; Jong, Hyun-Soon; Bang, Yung-Jue
- Issue Date
- Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 373 (2008) 85-89
- A Kinase Anchor Proteins/genetics/*metabolism; Actomyosin/metabolism; Cell Count; Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics/*metabolism; Cell Line; *Cytokinesis/genetics; Giant Cells/enzymology/metabolism; Humans; Interphase; Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase/metabolism; RNA Interference; Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics/*metabolism
- A-kinase anchoring protein 12 (AKAP12) gene is frequently inactivated in human gastric cancer and in several other cancers due to promoter hypermethylation. However, the biological function of AKAP12 in tumorigenesis remains to be identified. Aneuploidy, a hallmark of cancer cells, is often caused by abnormal cell division. In the present study, AKAP12 was found to localize to the cell periphery during interphase and to the actomyosin contractile ring during cytokinesis. Furthermore, AKAP12 depletion using small interfering RNA increased the number of multinucleated cells, and disrupted the completion of cytokinesis. Interestingly, the inhibition of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), a key regulator of actomyosin contractility, removed AKAP12 from the cell periphery during interphase and from the contractile ring during cytokinesis, suggesting that AKAP12 might be a downstream effector of MLCK. Our findings implicate AKAP12 in the regulation of cytokinesis progression, and suggest a novel role for AKAP12 tumor suppressor.
- 1090-2104 (Electronic)
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