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Endothelial dysfunction and C-reactive protein in relation with the severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

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Authors
Chung, Seockhoon; Yoon, In-Young; Shin, Yoon-Kyung; Lee, Chul Hee; Kim, Jeong-Whun; Lee, Taeseung; Choi, Dong-Ju; Ahn, Hee Jeong
Issue Date
2007-08-19
Publisher
American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Citation
Sleep. 2007;30(8):997-1001
Keywords
AdultAnoxia/blood/diagnosisBody Mass IndexC-Reactive Protein/*metabolismEndothelium, Vascular/*physiopathologyFemaleHumansMaleMiddle AgedObesity/bloodOxygen/blood*PolysomnographyRisk FactorsSleep Apnea, Obstructive/*blood/diagnosisVasodilation/physiologyWaist-Hip Ratio
Abstract
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in relation with the severity of respiratory disturbances and hypoxemia. DESIGN: After subjects had completed nocturnal polysomnography, FMD was measured in the brachial artery, and blood samples were obtained to determine serum CRP levels. SETTING: Sleep laboratory in Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. PATIENTS: Ninety men: 22 normal controls, 28 subjects with mild to moderate OSAS, and 40 with severe OSAS. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: FMD was found to be correlated with oxygen desaturation index (ODI), percentage of time below 90% O2 saturation, average O2 saturation, lowest O2 saturation, systolic blood pressure, apnea hypopnea index (AHI), and body mass index. In addition, CRP was correlated with body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, neck circumference, diastolic pressure, average O2 saturation and percentage of time below 90% O2 saturation but not with AHI. Stepwise multiple regression showed that the ODI was a significant determinant of FMD (adjusted R2 = 10%, beta = -0.33, P < 0.01). In addition, body mass index (beta = 0.25, P < 0.05) and waist-to-hip ratio (beta = 0.21, P < 0.05) were found to be significantly correlated with CRP (adjusted R2 = 12%, P < 0.05), independently of other factors. There was no correlation between FMD and CRP. CONCLUSION: As a marker of nocturnal hypoxemia, ODI rather than AHI might better explain the relationship between OSAS and FMD. Because body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio were identified as risk factors of high serum CRP in OSAS, obesity should be considered when predicting cardiovascular complications in OSAS.
ISSN
0161-8105 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/68458
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Psychiatry (정신과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
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