후아나 수녀의 침묵의 수사학: 약자의 저항이라는 파토스와 진리의 표식이라는 에토스
The Rhetoric of Silence in Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

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서울대학교 라틴아메리카연구소(SNUILAS)
Revista Iberoamericana, Vol.19 No.1, pp. 83-102
수사학침묵후아나 수녀필로떼아 수녀에게 보내는 답신RhetoricSilenceSor Juana Inés de la CruzRespuesta a sor Filotea
This essay delves into the rhetoric of silence in Carta atenagórica (1690) and Respuesta a sor Filotea de la Cruz (1691) of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. In 1690,

Manuel Fernández de Santa Cruz, bishop of Puebla, published without Sor Juana’s permission her critique about Portuguese Jesuit preacher António Vieyra. Using the

female pseudonym of Sor Filotea, he also admonished Sor Juana to concentrate on religious rather than secular studies. Sor Juana responded to the bishop of Puebla in 1691 with her magnificent self-defense and defense of all women’s right to knowledge. Throughout the Respuesta, Sor Juana expresses her utmost modesty to Sor Filotea but

remains strong in supporting her larger cause. To demonstrate her own space of knowledge as a woman, she tactically uses the rhetoric of silence in masks of subordination and ignorance facing the peril of Inquisition. As a “mute penitent”, her signal of silence serves as a tactic of the weak to express her devious resistance to paternalistic dogma. And she notifies discreet notes about knowledge that can't be

defined mere words nor gesture of mysticism. Thus, by the intriguing interplay between saying and not saying, Sor Juana unveils hidden masks created by tension between text and context, between paternalistic church and female intelectual, between scholastic

dogma and proto-Enlightenment notion of knowledge.
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute of Latin American Studies (라틴아메리카연구소)Revista Iberoamericana (이베로아메리카연구)Revista Iberoamericana (이베로아메리카연구) vol.19 no.01/02 (2008)
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