Browse

Adsorbability enhancement of activated carbon by dielectric barrier discharge plasma treatment

Cited 59 time in Web of Science Cited 62 time in Scopus
Authors
Lee, Dongsoo; Hong, Sang Hee; Paek, Kwang-Hyun; Ju, Won-Tae
Issue Date
2005-01
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Surface & Coatings Technology 200 (2005) 2277-2282
Keywords
activated carbondielectric barrier dischargeadsorbabilitysurface functional groupmetal ions
Abstract
Granular activated carbon has been treated by the dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma for enhancing its adsorbability of metal ions. A mixture of helium and oxygen is used as a feeding gas to create oxygen radicals in a helium plasma. A mechanism of the metal ion adsorption on the activated carbon surface is ion exchange between metal cations in the aqueous solution and hydrogen ions on the activated carbon surface. So the activated carbon surface is oxidized by the helium-oxygen DBD plasma to increase the hydrogen ions mostly released from functional groups on the surface. Oxygen species produced during the discharge react on the surface resulting in the creation of weakly acidic functional groups that play an important role in adsorbing metal cations. Iron cations (Fe2+) in the acidic solution are used for this adsorption experiment, and adsorbed by both untreated and treated activated carbons. The experimental results show that adsorbability of the plasma-treated activated carbon is about 3.8 times higher than that of untreated sample, when the treatment is conducted for 30 minutes in the helium DBD with 4 % content of oxygen. It is found through the material analyses, such as FT-IR, XPS, and BET, that the improvement of adsorbability is attributed to the change in the surface chemical structure of the activated carbon rather than the modification of the surface physical structure.
ISSN
0257-8972
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/69367
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2004.11.027
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:
College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Energy Systems Engineering (에너지시스템공학부)Nuclear Engineering (원자핵공학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_원자핵공학과)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse