S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute of Latin American Studies (라틴아메리카연구소) Revista Iberoamericana (이베로아메리카연구) Revista Iberoamericana (이베로아메리카연구) vol.04 (1993)
아르헨티나의 민선정부와 군부
Civil-Military Relations in Redemocratized Argentina
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 라틴아메리카연구소(SNUILAS)
- Revista Iberoamericana, Vol.4, pp. 49-71
- In a post-authoritarian society democracy cannot be consolidated without resolving la cuestión militar. Particularly in Latin America with a long-standing tradition of military intervention in politics, the question is more pressing than anywhere else. Focusing on the Alfonsín administration of Argentina, this paper aims to illustrate how difficult it is and how much political skill is necessary even under favorable conditions to achieve the ultimate goal of civilian supremacy over the military. The military question that a new democracy regime has to deal with consists mainly of two problems: the torturer and the praetorian problems. The first concerns whether the human rights violations under the military regime should be punished or forgiven. It is by nature a once-and-for-all problem that is most salient during the transition phase. The second concerns how to keep the military out of politics and how to establish civilian control over the military. This is a persistent problem of the post-transition phase.