S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Institute of Latin American Studies (라틴아메리카연구소) Revista Iberoamericana (이베로아메리카연구) Revista Iberoamericana (이베로아메리카연구) vol.08 (1997)
중미의 정치 변동: 정치적 폭력에 대한 기원을 중심으로
Origins of Political Violence in Central America: State-sponsored Repression and Popular Revolts
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 라틴아메리카연구소(SNUILAS)
- Revista Iberoamericana, Vol.8, pp. 33-64
- This paper attempts to explain the origin of the popular national revolts as well as the state-sponsored violence in Central America. Political violence has permeated the Central American landscape for much of its history. Of the Central American republics, Guatemala, EI Salvador, and Nicaragua have suffered most from violence in recent decades. This analysis of violence has emerged from an array of disciplines ranging from ethnohistory to political economy and has focused on subjects as divergent as international factors, cold war politics and the problems of land tenure. In treating state-sponsored violence, special attention is given to a description of the mechanisms by which caudillos violence was transformed along with its typical legacy of clientalism. International factor as the more contemporary source of the violence is then discussed: the direct intervention of the US military and security forces, and indirect role of the School of the Americas. Washington's subsequent modernization and expansion of the region's military and police forces decisively enhanced the capacity for state violence. As for the issues of the popular political mobilization and the violent expression of mass discontent, such variables as ethnohistory, political economy and government' counter-action are regarded as main determinant factors.