Effects of Adrenalectomy on the Excitability of Neurosecretory Parvocellular Neurones in the Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus

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Yang, J. H; Li, L. H.; Lee, S.; Jo, I. H.; Lee, S. Y.; Ryu, Pan Dong
Issue Date
J Neuroendocrinol 2007; 19: 293-301
noradrenalinecorticosteroneretrograde dyefiring patternadrenergic receptors
Glucocorticoids are well known to inhibit the release of hypophysiotrophic hormones from neurones originating in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), but the cellular mechanisms of the inhibition are not well understood. Here, we examined the effects of adrenalectomy (ADX) on the spontaneous firing activity in the neurosecretory parvocellular PVN neurones of rat brain slices. The neurones were identified by injecting a retrograde dye into the pituitary stalk and classified according to their electrophysiological properties. The intranuclear distribution, electrophysiological properties, and hypophysiotrophic hormone phenotype of the labelled type II PVN neurones were similar to neurosecretory parvocellular PVN neurones. In the neurones of sham-operated rats under the cell-attached recording mode, we observed three spontaneous activity patterns: tonic regular (24%), tonic irregular (36%), and silent (40%). Noradrenaline (100 µM) induced an excitatory or an inhibitory effect on the spontaneous activity. Noradrenergic excitation was blocked by prazosin (2 µM, α<sub>1</sub>-adrenoceptor antagonist), and mimicked by phenylephrine (100 µM, α<sub>1</sub>-adrenoceptor agonist), whereas noradrenergic inhibition was blocked by yohimbine (2 µM, α<sub>2</sub>-adrenoceptor antagonist) and mimicked by clonidine (50 µM, α<sub>2</sub>-adrenoceptor agonist). In the neurones of ADX rats, we found burst firing in 35% of neurones tested and an increase in the frequency of spontaneous firing. The burst firing was not observed in the neurones of the sham-operated rats. ADX caused a 1.7-fold increase in the proportion of neurones showing the noradrenergic excitation. Supplementation of the ADX rats with corticosterone (10 mg pellet) reversed the ADX-induced burst firing, and the potentiation of noradrenergic excitation. In summary, our results show that removal of corticosterone by ADX can elevate the neuronal excitability by increasing the spontaneous firing rate and by potentiating the α<sub>1</sub>-adrenoceptor-mediated noradrenergic excitation, and it can facilitate hormone release by inducing burst firing. Our results provide new insight to the cellular mechanisms of the feedback inhibition by glucocorticoids in the neurosecretory parvocellular neurones of the PVN.
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College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학)Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
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