Application of immunoproteomics in developing a Streptococcus iniae vaccine for olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)

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Shin, Gee-Wook; Palaksha, K.J.; Kim, Young-Rim; Nho, Sung-Won; Kim, Suk; Heo, Gang-Joon; Park, Se Chang; Jung, Tae-Sung
Issue Date
J. Chromatogr. B 849 (2007) 315
Streptococcus iniaeImmunoproteomeVaccineTwo-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE)ImmunoblottingExtracellular products (ECPs)
Streptococcus iniae is the major etiological agent of streptococcosis, which is responsible for hemorrhagic septicemia in fish, particularly olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). In the present study, we sought to understand the pathogenicity and immunogenicity of S. iniae in order to develop a vaccine for streptococcosis. Immunoproteomics, a technique involving two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) followed by immunoblotting, was employed to investigate the pathogenicity and immunogenicity of two S. iniae isolates, Jeju-13 and Jeju-45, in olive flounder. The virulence of Jeju-13 was moderate whereas that of Jeju-45 was high. A vaccination trial with formalin-killed Jeju-45 demonstrated relatively low protection against the homologous isolate compared with the heterologous isolate. A significant difference in the secretion of extracellular products (ECPs) was noticed between the two S. iniae isolates. ECP antigens were highly immunogenic compared to those from whole cell lysates as determined by 2-DE immunoblot assay of Jeju-13 and Jeju-45 anti-sera collected from post-challenge survival fish. Furthermore, there were differences in the appearance of antigenic spots on 2-DE immunoblot profiles of ECPs of the respective sera. Interestingly, the mixture of killed-cells and concentrated ECPs from Jeju-45 led to significant protection against the homologous isolate of S. iniae in olive flounder. The present study demonstrates the usefulness of immunoproteomics in understanding the pathogenicity of S. iniae to aid the development of a vaccine for fish streptococcosis.
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College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학)Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
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