Browse

Acquisition of an Adjunct Island inside There-Sentences

Cited 0 time in Web of Science Cited 0 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Min-Joo
Issue Date
2005
Publisher
Institute for Cognitive Science, Seoul National University
Citation
Journal of Cognitive Science, Vol.6 No.2, pp. 73-95
Keywords
first language acquisitionwh-movementadjunct island conditionthere-existential sentencesparticipial codasphonologically covert islandsrelative clausessmall clauseswhy-questionshowquestions
Abstract
In the past two decades, how children acquire adjunct island constraints
has been a focal topic of research in language development (e.g., Otsu
1981, Crain and Fodor 1984, Goodluck et al. 1992, de Villiers et al. 1990,
Adul-Karim 2000). Previous studies are concerned primarily with
children’s sensitivity to extraction from adjunct islands with a
phonologically overt marker such as a relative pronoun (e.g., which, who)
and a temporal complementizer (e.g., when, after) (see, among others,
Otsu 1981, Goodluck et al. 1992). The present study examines children’s
knowledge of the Adjunct Island Constraint which is at work in a
phonologically covert syntactic environment, namely, there-sentences
with participial codas (e.g., *How was there a boy running?). A crosssectional
experiment was conducted with 14 monolingual Englishspeaking
children ages from 3 to 6, and also with 24 adult native speakers
of English. The results show that participial codas constitute strong
barriers both in child and adult grammars, lending support to the syntactic
analyses that treat participial codas as adjunct islands (e.g., McNally 1997,
Chomsky 2001), as opposed to predicates that are parts of small clauses (e.g., Stowell 1978, 1981). Another interesting finding is that younger
children tend to give why interpretations to how questions. I offer a way of
accounting for this phenomenon by pointing to the semantic versatility of
how and its distributional parallel to why.
ISSN
1598-2327
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/70742
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:
College of Humanities (인문대학)Institute for Cognitive Science (인지과학연구소)Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업)Journal of Cognitive Science (인지과학작업) vol.06 (2005)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse