1325년 箕子祠 祭祀 再開의 배경 및 의미
The nature and meaning of the "Gi'ja" service resumption in 1325

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서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
한국문화, Vol.50, pp. 3-26
Chungsuk- wangGi'iarenovating customs and institutionsConfuciusChinese Old kings(Ancient Holy Emperors)Yuan Emperor Jent' sung
King Chungsuk- wang, in the proclamation he issued in 1325 right after his return

from prior detention in Yuan, emphasized the importance of 'changing the

atmosphere and rectifying the conventions of the country.' By doing so he implied

that he was planning to implement a series of administrative reforms based upon

foreign institutions, to overhaul the overall governance of the country. And as a

methodic approach, he examined the renovations that were being made to the

national system of memorial services of the Mongol Yuan empire.

He eventually decided to apply two of the most noticeable policy agendas that

were being pursued in the Yuan renovations, which was the reinforcement of (a)

Confucius worshipping and (b) Ancient Holy Emperors' commemoration, to his own

efforts of redesigning and revitalizing the Gorveo culture. Such effort led to a

reevaluation of the "Gi'ia" figure, and reactivation of national rituals designed to

honor himwhose contribution to the development of the Korean people had been

deemed incalculable, in terms of his providing of Confucian teachings and the

overall construction of the Korean culture.

His decision to restart the memorial services for Gi'ia in 1325, was to essentially

realign the Gorveo culture, by further developing the people's understanding of

Neo- Confucian practices in Goryeo, and also by reinforcing the general public's

historical perspective viewing their own culture, under the name of honoring and

commemorating Gi'ja. It was essentially 'using' foreign methods displayed in Yuan

empire's own modification of its national system of memorial services, in

re-emphasizing the image of one of the most popular Korean characters.

Chungsuk-wang's efforts also enabled people in the following periods (the reign of Gongmin-wang for example) to continue such honoring as well. Chungsuk-wang's

father(Chungseon-wang) had earlier restored Goryeo's past conventions, such as the

governmental system, the national shrine and the overall taxation system, on the

basis of his own understanding of China's past institutions and culture('ii1!1IJ·il1!1lJ'):

Chungsuk- wang's efforts were not so different from such previous effort. His

examination of the Yuan imperial memorial service system enabled him to pick up

several important agendas and priorities, and enabled him to use them in a

Goryeo-rspecific way, in a way which would produce a favorable outcome for the

Goryeo people, in terms of preservation and re- exploring of their own heritage.

This whole Gi'ia issue of the Chungsuk-wang era makes us reevaluate our

preconceptions of the time. With more than a hundred years to coexist with the

Mongol Yuan empire, the Gorveo people must have developed a perspective that

viewed the Mongols not only as adversaries and oppressors but also as counterparts

who could sometimes provide insights and opportunities for new kinds of

exchanges. The resuming of the Gi'ia memorial service in 1325 clearly exhibits such possibilities.
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Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.50 (2010)
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