S-Space Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원) Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과) Korean Journal of Public Administration (행정논총) Korean Journal of Public Administration (행정논총) vol.07 (1969)
Etite Change and Program Change in the Korean Government , 1955-1967
- Whang, In-Joung
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 행정대학원
- 행정논총, Vol.7 No.1, pp. 235-266
- Korea's economic growth was sluggish in the 1950's. But it becomes faster since 1962. The average annual growth rate of GNP has been 8.3% during the period of 1962-66. It was merely 4.8% during the period of 1955-61. The question now arises: Why was the economic growth of Korea more rapid in the 1960's than in the 1950's? In this respect, it is valuable to look at the interplay between two distinct factors. The economic growth of the 1950's was associated with a large amount of foreign aid granted. However, the declining trend of aid received suggests that the post economic growth is little related with foreign aid itself. Associated with the rapid economic growth of the 1962-66 period has been concerted effort of Korea undertaking economic planning. The planing has been a dominant character of the administration after the student uprising of 1960 and the military coup detat of 1961. In other words, economic development in Korea does not rest solely on the matter of capital but is related to many other, economic and non-economic, factors. This study is focused on elite change concerned with economic planning because it is motivated by the question of why the administratively planned growth has been more rapid than the administratively neutral growth.