한국인 위암환자에서 항원 분포에 관한 연구
Studies on the HL--A antigens Distributions among Normal Korean Population and Gastric Cancer Patients

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박우택; 김진복
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서울대학교 의과대학
Seoul J Med 1974;15(4):270-284
Even though the HL-A antigens as the major
histocompatibility antigens have been contributing
an important role in the immunological aspect of the
clinical transplantation. and recently considerable
attentions are focusing on the possible association
of various disease or malignant disease with the
certain HL-A specifities, any datas for the distribution
of the HL-A antigens in Korean population and
the HL-A serotyping for the kidney transplant is
not available at present time.
This present report is a studies on the HL-A
antigens distribution among 155 normal Korean
population and 76 gastric cancer patients with the
method of Boyum's lymphocyte isolation technic
with Ficoll and Isopaque mixture and the method
of Terasaki's microlymphocytotoxicity test with 29
NIH standard antisera for 16 HL-A specificities at
Seoul National University Hospital.
The results are as following;
1. The HL-A antigens are rather evenly distributed
throughout the first and second series in both normal
Koreans and gastric cancer patient which is a good
evidence of diversity in the polymorphism of HL-A
2. The most frequent HL-A antigens are HL-A 2,13.12 and 10 in normal control group. and HL-A
10.5.2 and 13 in gastric cancer patient. HL-A 9 is
rather infrequent compared to other Oriental populations,
and HL-A 1 which has heen recognized to be
absent from Orientals occurs 17.4%.
3. It is interesting findings that in gastric cancer
group HL~A 10 from first sublocus and 5 from second
sublocus are markedly increased than normal control
group and HL-A 11 from first sublocus and 12 from
second sublocus are markedly decreased than normal
control group. The author strongly feels that
. additional study to confirm the above findings
should be done.
4. There is a relatively large proportion of blank
alleles: 24% (first series) and 15% (second series) in
normal control group, and 22% (first series) and
15% (second series) in gastric cancer group, which
seems to be related to the limited number of antisera
and the limited number of serum panels used in this
study, and related to the probable existence of
unknown specifities in OUf native Korean population.
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Medicine (의학과)The Seoul Journal of MedicineThe Seoul Journal of Medicine Vol. 15 No.4 (1974)
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