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貿易政策의 沿革에 關한 考察
A Study on the History of Trade Policy

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Authors
Lee, Young Kee
Issue Date
1978-06-30
Publisher
서울대학교 사범대학
Citation
사대논총, Vol.17, pp. 159-177
Abstract
There is a long history of the struggle for free trade in the broadest sense of absence of governmental restraint upon the freedom of traders to move and to transact business within a country and between countries. Freedom of movement and trade was deduced from .the philosophic principle of natural liberty. Adam Smith applied the principle to economic activity and particulary to trade. The economic case for free trade is still based on his argument that division of labor leads to specialization, efficiency and greater production. Each country will specialize in the production of those goods for which ithas natural advantages and can produce at lower cost than other countries. The free-trade movement, however, was soon to be defeated by a new constellation of attitudes and circumstances. In Germany Bismarck had abolished the tariff on iron and announced that tariff on iron products would end in 1877. But Germany brought forward a new tariff affording substantial protection to industry and agriculture. This new turn toward higher tariffs was defended by invoking the infant industry argument. That argument, indeed, was givenits most elaborate formulation by a German, Friedrich List, who had lived in the United States. List conceded that free trade was best from a cosmoplitan standpoint, but drew a sharp contrast between the allocative arguments and the national interest. No nation, he said, could afford to heed the cosmopolitan appeal until it had developed its own industries.
ISSN
1226-4636
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/72751
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College of Education (사범대학)Center for Educational Research (교육종합연구원)교육연구와 실천Journal of the College of Education (師大論叢) vol.17/18 (1978)
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