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Fabrication and characterization of 3-dimensional PLGA nanofiber/microfiber composite scaffolds

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Authors
Kim, Sung Jin; Jang, Da Hyun; Park, Won Ho; Min, Byung-Moo
Issue Date
2010-03
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Polymer 2010;51:1320-1327
Keywords
PLGANano-/microfibrous 3-D scaffoldsNormal human epidermal keratinocytes(NHEK)
Abstract
Novel three-dimensional (3-D) nano-/microfibrous poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffolds were fabricated by hybrid electrospinning, involving a combination of solution electrospinning and melt electrospinning. The scaffolds consisted of a randomly oriented structure of PLGA microfibers (average fiber diameter = 28 μm) and PLGA nanofibers (average fiber diameter = 530 nm). From mercury porosimetry, the PLGA nano-/microfiber (10/90) scaffolds were found to have similar pore parameters to the PLGA microfiber scaffolds. PLGA nano-/microfibrous scaffolds were examined and compared with the PLGA microfiber scaffolds in terms of the attachment, spreading and infiltration of normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) and fibroblasts (NHEF). The cell attachment and spreading of both cell types were several times higher in the nano-/microfiber composite scaffolds than in the microfibrous scaffolds without nanofibers. This shows that the presence of nanofibers enhanced the attachment and spreading of the cells on the nano-/microfiber composite scaffolds. Moreover, the nanofibers helped the cells infiltrate easily into the scaffolds. Overall, this novel nano-/microfiber structures has great potential for the 3-D organization and guidance of cells provided for tissue engineering.
ISSN
0032-3861
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/74133
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College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원)Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
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