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Microbiological reduction of hexavalent chromium by indigenous chromium-resistant bacteria in sand column experiments

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Authors
Lee, Sung-Eun; Lee, Jong-Un; Chon, Hyo-Taek; Lee, Jin-Soo
Issue Date
2008-02-20
Publisher
Springer Verlag
Citation
Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 30, 141-145
Keywords
Indigenous bacteriaCr(VI)Column experimentReduction
Abstract
Indigenous bacteria that are resistant to high concentrations of Cr(VI) were isolated from a Cr-contaminated sediment. Sand column experiments were conducted using the isolated bacteria to investigate microbial effects on Cr(VI) reduction in open systems that simulated subsurface conditions. The indigenous Cr-resistant bacteria appeared to reduce Cr(VI) in the column experiments. When 12 mg/L of Cr(VI) was injected into the columns, the removal efficiencies of Cr(VI) by the isolated bacteria were 39.1%, 62.5%, and 63.6% at 24, 48, and 72 h retention times of Cr(VI) solution, respectively. These results imply that the linear velocity of groundwater or pore water should be less than 0.63 cm/h for effective removal of Cr(VI) in subsurface conditions. In comparison, the noninoculated control column did not show a significant variation in dissolved Cr(VI) concentration. The results indicated that reduction of Cr(VI) was occurring in the column due to the activity of the indigenous bacteria.
ISSN
0269-4042 (print)
1573-2983 (online)
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/7487
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-008-9132-6
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Energy Systems Engineering (에너지시스템공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_에너지시스템공학부)
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