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Formaldehyde and TVOC emission behavior of laminate flooring by structure of laminate flooring and heating condition

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Authors
An, Jae-Yoon; Kim, Sumin; Kim, Hyun-Joong
Issue Date
2011-03-15
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS; Vol.187 1-3; 44-51
Keywords
Laminate flooringFormaldehydeVOCsAir circulation systemFloor heating system
Abstract
Formaldehyde was measured with a desiccator, a 20 L chamber and the FLEC method. The formaldehyde emission rate from laminate was the highest at 32 degrees C using the desiccator, which then decreased with time. The formaldehyde emission using the 20 L small chamber and FLEC showed a similar tendency. There was a strong correlation between the formaldehyde and total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) with both types of floorings using the two different methods. The formaldehyde emission rate and TVOC results were higher when tested using the FLEC method than with the 20 L small chamber method. The emission rate was affected by the joint edge length in laminate flooring. Toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene were the main VOCs emitted from laminate flooring, and there were more unidentified VOCs emitted than identified VOCs. The samples heated with a floor heating system emitted more formaldehyde than those heated using an air circulation system due to the temperature difference between the bottom panel and flooring. The TVOC emission level of the samples was higher when an air circulation system was used than when a floor heating system was used due to the high ventilation rate. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0304-3894
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/75076
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.08.086
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Architecture and Architectural Engineering (건축학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_건축학과)
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