South Korean Media System: Toward a Democratization Model

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Rhee, June Woong; Cho, Hang Je; Song, Hyun Joo; Jung, June Hee
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Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
Korean Social Sciences Review(KSSR) Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 303-337
Media Systems TheoryKorean DemocratizationPolitical ParalleRelationship between the Government and the Press
Translated from the published article in Communication Theories vol. 6 (No.1): 144-190, 2010 with permission from the Korean Society for Journalism and Communication Studies.
From a perspective of the media systems approach, we attempt to provide a media system
model that accounts for the characteristics of the relationship between political and media
systems in the democratization process of Korean society. Using the model, we explore
the possibility by which media system has set the limit on the directions of political
democratization. The notion of ‘political parallelism’ is employed to characterize the
historical changes of the role of the news media in function of public spheres in relation to
political system. The Korean way of ‘political parallelism’ accounts for the process by which
mainstream newspapers and broadcasters have influenced political parties and civil society.
The implications are discussed in terms of the role of media system in democratization.
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Center for Social Sciences (사회과학연구원)Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR)Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Vol.01, No.01 (2011)
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