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Radiological and Clinical Characteristics of a Military Outbreak of Pandemic H1N1 2009 Influenza Virus Infection

Cited 9 time in Web of Science Cited 11 time in Scopus
Authors
Yun, Tae Jin; Kwon, Gu Jin; Oh, Mi Kyeong; Woo, Sung Koo; Choi, Seung Hong; Goo, Jin Mo; Kim, Jong Sung; Park, Chang Min; Yim, Jae-Joon; Lee, Hyun Ju; Park, Seung Hoon
Issue Date
2010-08
Publisher
KOREAN RADIOLOGICAL SOC
Citation
KOREAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY; Vol.11 4; 417-424
Keywords
Swine fluPandemic H1N1 2009Computed tomography (CT)Chest radiographInfluenza virus
Abstract
Objective: To describe detailed clinical and radiological features of the pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza viral infection among healthy young males in a semi-closed institutionalized setting. Materials and Methods: A total of 18 patients confirmed with the pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza virus infection from July 18 to July 30, 2009 were enrolled in this study. Each patient underwent an evaluation to determine detailed clinical and radiological features. Results: All patients presented with high fever (> 38.0 degrees C), with accompanying symptoms of cough, rhinorrhea, sore throat, myalgia and diarrhea, and increased C-reactive protein (CRP) values with no leukocytosis nor elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). All patients, including one patient who progressed into acute respiratory distress syndrome, were treated with oseltamivir phosphate and quickly recovered from their symptoms. Chest radiographs showed abnormalities of small nodules and lobar consolidation in only two out of 18 patients. However, six of 12 patients who underwent thin-section CT examinations showed abnormal findings for small ground-glass opacities (GGOs) in addition to poorly-defined nodules with upper lobe predominance. Conclusion: In a population of healthy young adults, elevated CRP with normal ESR and white blood cell levels combined with GGOs and nodules on thin-section CT scans may indicate early signs of infection by the pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza virus.
ISSN
1229-6929
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/76495
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3348/kjr.2010.11.4.417
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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