S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Pathology (병리학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_병리학전공)
CD24, a Novel Cancer Biomarker, Predicting Disease-Free Survival of Non-small Cell Lung Carcinomas A Retrospective Study of Prognostic Factor Analysis from the Viewpoint of Forthcoming (Seventh) New TNM Classification
- Lee, Hyun Ju; Choe, Gheeyoung; Jheon, Sanghoon; Sung, Sook-Whan; Chung, Jin-Haeng; Lee, Choon-Taek
- Issue Date
- LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
- JOURNAL OF THORACIC ONCOLOGY; Vol.5 5; 649-657
- Carcinoma; CD24; Prognostic factors; Pathologic stage; Prognosis; Non-small cell lung; Immunohistochemistry
- Introduction: Metastasis-associated protein CD24 has been identified as a new prognostic factor and stem cell marker in the human neoplasm. However, the importance of the CD24 in non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) has not been elucidated well. Methods: We evaluated CD24 expression in 267 consecutive cases of NSCLC by immunohistochemistry using a tissue microarray technique and correlated with clinicopathologic parameters including forthcoming (seventh) new tumor node metastasis classification. Results: CD24-high expression was demonstrated in 87 of 267 (33%) and was associated with adenocarcinoma (ADC) histology than in squamous cell carcinoma histology (64 of 165 [39%] vs. 20 of 88 [23%]; p = 0.023). Patients with CD24-high tumors tended to have a higher risk of disease progression (p < 0.001) and cancer-related death (p = 0.002). Multivariate analysis proved CD24-high expression as independent prognostic factors of disease progression and cancer-related death (p = 0.002, hazard ratio = 1.78, 95% confidence interval = 1.23-2.58 and p = 0.017, hazard ratio = 1.93, 95% confidence interval = 1.13-3.31). CD24-high expression had a tendency to correlate with new pathologic stage (p-stage) (p = 0.089) rather than old p-stage (p = 0.253). Performance status and new p-stage, regardless of the tumor histology, were identified as consistent independent prognostic factors of disease progression and cancer-related death. However, age was related to a significantly shorter cancer-specific survival in ADC only. Conclusions: CD24 expression in NSCLC is associated with ADC histology and disease progression and cancer-related death, indicative of aggressive tumor behavior. Performance status and new p-stage, to a lesser extent, age correlated with progression-free survival and cancer-specific survival, regardless of tumor histology.
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