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Granulocytic Sarcoma in the Head and Neck: CT and MR Imaging Findings

Cited 21 time in Web of Science Cited 30 time in Scopus
Authors
Noh, Bong Wan; Park, Sun-Won; Chun, Jung-Eun; Kim, Ji Hye; Lim, Myung Kwan; Kim, Hyung Jin
Issue Date
2009-06
Publisher
KOREAN SOC OTORHINOLARYNGOL
Citation
CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY; Vol.2 2; 66-71
Keywords
Granulocytic sarcomaHead and NeckMRIChloromaCT
Abstract
Objectives. To evaluate characteristic computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of granulocytic sarcomas of the head and neck. Methods. The CT (n=11) and MR (n=1) images obtained from 11 patients (7 males and 4 females; mean age, 23.5, yr; age range, 1 to 69 yr) with histologically-proven granulocytic sarcomas of the head and neck were retrospectively reviewed. Histological confirmation was done by bone marrow biopsy in 9 patients, and/or local biopsy in 4 patients. The imaging findings were analyzed with particular attention to location, size, shape, margin, bone destruction, internal architecture, pattern and degree of enhancement, and multiplicity of the lesions. Results. The masses were most commonly located in the orbital cavity (n=8); other locations included lymph nodes (n=5) and palatine/pharyngeal/lingual tonsils (n=3). The mass sizes varied from a mean diameter of 1.3 to 5.8 cm (average, 2.6 cm). Multiple lesions were found in 6 patients. The shapes of the tumors were ovoid in 12 patients and irregular in 4 patients. Most lesions had poorly-defined margins (13/16) and invaded adjacent bony structures (5/16). On the pre-contrast CT images, the masses were iso- (5/8) or low-density (3/8) in comparison with muscle. The MRI, which was obtained in one patient in this study, showed that the mass was iso-signal intensity on T1-weighted images and iso-signal intensity on T2-weighted images compared to the gray matter of the brain. On the post-contrast CT images, there was homogenesous (n=12) or heterogeneous (n=4) enhancement, with mild (n=10), moderate (n=4), and marked (n=2) enhancement in the solid portions of the lesions. Conclusion. Although rare, granulocytic sarcomas arise in various locations in the head and neck area (most commonly in the orbit) in the form of well-demarcated, and mildly- and homogenously-enhancing masses with adjacent bony invasion.
ISSN
1976-8710
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/78096
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3342/ceo.2009.2.2.66
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Radiology (영상의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_영상의학전공)
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