S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Anatomy (해부학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_해부학전공)
Constitutive activation of glycogen synthase kinase-3β correlates with better prognosis and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors in human gastric cancer
- Cho, Yu Jin; Kim, Ji Hun; Yoon, Jiyeon; Cho, Sung Jin; Park, Jong-Wan; Lee, Hee Eun; Lee, Byung Lan; Kim, Woo Ho; Lee, Hye Seung; Ko, Young San
- Issue Date
- BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
- BMC GASTROENTEROLOGY; Vol.10; 91
- Background: Aberrant regulation of glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3 beta) has been implicated in several human cancers; however, it has not been reported in the gastric cancer tissues to date. The present study was performed to determine the expression status of active form of GSK-3 beta phosphorylated at Tyr(216) (pGSK-3 beta) and its relationship with other tumor-associated proteins in human gastric cancers. Methods: Immunohistochemistry was performed on tissue array slides containing 281 human gastric carcinoma specimens. In addition, gastric cancer cells were cultured and treated with a GSK-3 beta inhibitor lithium chloride (LiCl) for immunoblot analysis. Results: We found that pGSK-3 beta was expressed in 129 (46%) of 281 cases examined, and was higher in the early-stages of pathologic tumor-node-metastasis (P < 0.001). The expression of pGSK-3 beta inversely correlated with lymphatic invasion (P < 0.001) and lymph node metastasis (P < 0.001) and correlated with a longer patient survival (P < 0.001). In addition, pGSK-3 beta expression positively correlated with that of p16, p21, p27, p53, APC, PTEN, MGMT, SMAD4, or KAl1 (P < 0.05), but not with that of cyclin D1. This was confirmed by immunoblot analysis using SNU-668 gastric cancer cells treated with LiCl. Conclusions: GSK-3 beta activation was frequently observed in early-stage gastric carcinoma and was significantly correlated with better prognosis. Thus, these findings suggest that GSK-3 beta activation is a useful prognostic marker for the early-stage gastric cancer.