Differential effects of EGF gradient profiles on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell chemotaxis
- Wang, Shur-Jen; Saadi, Wajeeh; Lin, Francis; Nguyen, Connie Minh-Canh; Jeon, Noo Li
- Issue Date
- Exp.Cell Res. 300(2004) 180-189
- Chemotaxis, directed cell migration in a gradient of chemoattractant, is an important biological phenomenon that plays pivotal roles in
cancer metastasis. Newly developed microfluidic chemotaxis chambers (MCC) were used to study chemotaxis of metastatic breast cancer
cells, MDA-MB-231, in EGF gradients of well-defined profiles. Migration behaviors of MDA-MB-231 cells in uniform concentrations of
EGF (0, 25, 50, and 100 ng/ml) and EGF (0–25, 0–50, and 0–100 ng/ml) with linear and nonlinear polynomial profiles were investigated.
MDA-MB-231 cells exhibited increased speed and directionality upon stimulation with uniform concentrations of EGF. The cells were viable
and motile for over 24 h, confirming the compatibility of MCC with cancer cells. Linear concentration gradients of different ranges were not
effective in inducing chemotactic movement as compared to nonlinear gradients. MDA-MB-231 cells migrating in EGF gradient of 0–50 ng/
ml nonlinear polynomial profile exhibited marked directional movement toward higher EGF concentration. This result suggests that MDAMB-
231 cancer cell chemotaxis depends on the shape of gradient profile as well as on the range of EGF concentrations.
D 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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